It seems one can blaspheme the Holy Spirit and commit an eternal sin, one that will never be forgiven.
What is this unforgivable sin?
Juan Luis Segundo writes, “What is not pardonable is using theology to turn real human liberation into something odious.” (1979, Frontiers of Theology in Latin America, p 240ff.)
In other words, calling the work of the Holy Spirit evil.
The context of this sin is within the story of the Pharisees addressing Jesus as possessed by Beelzebub. They were saying that in fact, Jesus was driving out demons by the power of Satan.
Yet Jesus is liberating people from not only their demonic oppression but also their spiritual and cultural oppression. He freed the people from ritual restraints on them in order for them to lead a life outside of the rules and regulations of the Temple priests and pharisaical laws. Laws which had become vile themselves despite having begun with the best of intentions when handed down to Moses from God. Laws used to trap people in poverty and outsider status.
What Jesus was doing by calling out the evil done in the name of God was not blasphemy. But calling what Jesus did as evil was blasphemy. Jesus’ liberation of people, His freeing of people in the name of God was a true act of the Holy Spirit. The priests’ and Pharisees’ need to control people through the law was blasphemy. Not because of order but because it masqueraded as the word of God and restricted people into “pure” and “impure” states according to their ability to pay for the cleansing rituals and sacrifices. This was not what God intended.
Instead of freeing people, the religious authorities straightjacketed them with the law in order to gain from them financially.
Dear Holy Spirit come and illuminate the world for us. Help us to see Your movement in the world. Help us to know Your liberating power in our world. Expose for us the hypocrisy we live with day in and day out in our lives. Help us to see what is evil and what is not, and to know the works of our Lord and the works of the Enemy. Amen.